云南省人民政府外事办公室

云南省人民政府港澳事务办公室

云南省人民对外友好协会

2017-09-12 16:27:00

资料来源:《每日邮报》

本文地址:http://www.ssuawd.com/wgjzkyn/201709/t20170912_608236.html
文章摘要:,荣禄标准化口岸,喧喧矿物油客货。

Traces of Yunnan in Sabah

(By David Thien from Daily Express 2017-07-06)

 

WENSHAN(Yunnan,China): Sabah is known for its gongs used by the indigenous groups and its interesting that WENSHAN located in South China close to Vietnam, is considered one of the places that the bronze drum(gong), music and dances originated.

The “bronze drum”section of the Wenshan Museum shows that the history of the bronze drum goes back some 2,000 years.

Not surprising that some natives of Sabah fancy their forebears came from Taiwan or related to the Polynesians as a native Taiwan minister and Maori minister who came to Kota Kinnabalu thought so.

But the instruments resembling the gong and the sompoton in Yunnan-not that evident in Taiwan or Polynesia-may led credence to a Sabah native connection with Yunnan,here.

The sompoton-like Hulusi is a reed wind instrument from Yunnan.It has three bamboo pipes which pass through a gourd wind chest.

Yunnan is the province with the largest number of minorities with 25 of them having more than 5,000 members.

Among the the 16 are indigenous(including Bai, Dai, Naxi, Hani, Lisu, Lahu, Wa, Jingpo, Bulang, Pumi, Achang, Nu, Jinuo, De’ang, Durung,etc).

Among 25 ethnic minority groups, the biggest is Yi and the smallest Dulong. The ethnic minorities are spread around Yunnan with their own communities and live together over vast areas while some lives in individual concentrated communities in small areas.

The ethnic minority people live in valleys, hilly areas or flat lands. Due to different groups, the traditional customs, cultures, languages, construction styles and clothes of them are colorful and distinctive.

The festivals of Yunnan ethnic minorities are also colorful and diverse, some of the festivals are celebrated by many groups, and some are distinct.

Wenshan has been regarded as one of the origins of bronze drums worldwide by experts and is honored as the “Home -town of Bronze Drum”.

Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture was set up in 1958 with a population of 3,621 million today just like Sabah’s population. Living in a total land area of 31,456 square kilometers.


云南在沙巴州的痕迹

作者:《每日邮报》邓胜威

 

文山(中国云南省):沙巴州以本土乐器锣而著名,北京赛车pk10开奖:有意思的是,远在中国南端、与越南相邻的文山,也作为铜鼓(锣)音乐及舞蹈的发源地之一而广为人知。

文山博物馆的“铜鼓”陈列室表明,铜鼓已有约两千年的历史。

在沙巴州,有个已经让人见怪不怪的现象。有的沙巴人会幻想自己是台湾人的后代,还有人认为自己的先祖其实是来自台湾或毛利的高官,在与波利尼西亚人产生了某种关联后,才来到了哥打基纳巴卢。

不过,云南那些和沙巴的锣、葫芦笙极为相像的乐器或许会让人们更愿意相信,沙巴与云南之间确实存在着某种天然的联系,而不论是台湾还是波利尼西亚,都没有这样的佐证。

云南的葫芦丝是一种簧管乐器,与沙巴的葫芦笙很像。葫芦丝用葫芦做气箱,葫芦上插着三根竹箫管。

云南是中国少数民族最多的省份,人口在5000人以上的少数民族有25个。

其中有16个是云南特有的少数民族(包括白族、傣族、纳西族、哈尼族、傈僳族、拉祜族、佤族、景颇族、布朗族、普米族、阿昌族、怒族、基诺族、德昂族、独龙族等)。

25个少数民族中,人数最多的是彝族,最少的是独龙族。少数民族群体遍布整个云南大陆,有的大范围聚居,有的小范围散居。

少数民族选择山谷、丘陵或坝区定居。各民族的传统风俗、文化、语言、建筑风格和服饰也因族而异,色彩鲜艳而独具特色。

云南少数民族的节日同样丰富多彩,有的是许多不同少数民族共同的节日,有的节日又为某些民族所特有。

经专家认定,文山是世界上铜鼓发源地之一,享有“铜鼓之乡”的美誉。

文山壮族苗族自治州成立于1958年,现有人口362.1万人,和沙巴州的人口规模差不多,国土面积31456平方公里。


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