云南省人民政府外事办公室

云南省人民政府港澳事务办公室

云南省人民对外友好协会

2017-09-12 16:25:00

资料来源:《每日邮报》

 Yunnans Link to Malay Society

本文地址:http://www.ssuawd.com/wgjzkyn/201709/t20170912_608235.html
文章摘要:,说句话绿林豪士凑到,群发王当做根牙盘错。

(By David Thien from Daily Express)

 

KUNMING (Yunnan, China): After losing about six hours of lead time to flight delays, eight journalists from Sabah finally landed here on June 14 late afternoon and were bussed straight to see the fast developing Ancient Dian Town project, one of the scheduled visits not cancelled.

Kunming, the “Eternal Spring” capital of Yunnan, is 1,900 metres or 6,234 feet above sea level and right beside it is the Dianchi Lake, also known as Kunming Lake to some.

The project is located at a vast area at one side of the lakeshore.

It is about the same altitude as the Kinabalu Park office in Kundasang.

The question of whether Malays originated from Yunnan has been asked countless times and debated, written about, published and still being disputed, but this article only tries to present what the journalists saw as to what’s happening at the Ancient Dian Town project being developed in phases.

Is there any corroborating historical evidence that the Malays of Malaysia and Indonesia are actually descendants from residents of Yunnan?

The Yunnan theory, Mekong River migration (first published in 1889) of Proto-Malay originating from Yunnan is supported by R.H. Geldern, J.H.C Kern, J.R. Foster, J.R. Logen, Slametmuljana and Asmah Haji Omar.

Other evidence that supports this theory includes: Stone tools found at Malay Archipelago which are analogous to Central Asian tools; similarity of Malay customs and Assam customs; and the fact that the Malay and Cambodian languages are kindred languages because the ancestral home ot Cambodians originated at the source of Mekong River.

Other theories are the Taiwan Theory and the Papua Guinea Theory.

The research discovered that the Malays in these sub-ethnic groups were genetically composed of some Proto-Malay, Semang and Indian DNA, with at least 20 per cent Malay and 52 per cent Chinese DNA.

“This finding corresponds with a theory that these Malays originated from Austronesia in Yunnan, China,” Professor Zilfalil said, “with the first wave of migration from Austronesia to Southeast Asia occurring in 25,000 B.C. And the second in 1,500 B.C.,”

“The Malay language used in the Malay Peninsula, Sabah and Sarawak also belongs to the Austronesian stock,” the professor added.

Mekong River, approximately 4,180 km in length, originated from Tibet and runs through Yunnan Province of China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Anthropologists traced the migration of Proto-Malays who were seafarers, to some 10,000 years ago when they sailed by boat (canoe or perahu) along the Mekong River from Yunnan to the South China Sea and eventually settled down at various places.

Inhabitants of early Yunnan may be traced back into prehistory from a homo erectus fossil, ‘Yuanmou Man’, which was unearthed in the 1950s. In year 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang conquered Yunnan and unified China.

Yunnan has since become a province of China. They were the ancestors of rice cating peoples, with their culture of cultivating rice spread throughout the entire region. The native name of the Mekong River peoples’ home in Yunnan is Xishuangbanna (Sipsongpanna) which literally means “twelve thousand rice fields,” it is the home of the Dai minority. Xishuangbanna sits at a lower altitude than most of the Yunnan mountainous ranges.

The oldest Malay text is the Kedukan Bukit Inscription of 682CE found at Palembang and the modern Yunnan Dai minority’s traditonal writings were of the same language family of Pallava, also known as Pallava Grantha. Dai ethnic (or Dai minority) of Yunnan is one of the aborigional inhabitants of modern Yunnan province of China.

Although the existing Kunming City is just 2,400 years old, the earliest activities of human beings in this region can be traced back to over 30,500 years ago. In the light of archaeological finds, primitive people settled in the area around the current Dianchi Lake in the Neolithic period.

Apart from agricultural production, these primitive people also earned their living by fishing, hunting and stock raising. Therefore, the Dianchi (Lake) region is also considered to be one of the important cradles of humankind.

Next, the Sabah media delegation moved on to the public park commemorating Admiral Cheng Ho’s legendary exploits as learned by local Malaysian students in the 1970s or Zheng He to China. A China PLA Navy traing ship by the same name called at Sapanggar Port in the past but never any of the warships.

He grew up here in Kunming, probably honed his sailing skills at the Dianchi Lake up to his teenage years before being sent to serve in the service of the Emperor in the imperial capital.

He led China’s Ming Dynasty exploratory trade voyages up to Africa and is the inspiration for today’s Maritime Silk Road concept of China.

Dinner for the journalists from Sabah (the first meal in Yunnan) was at a Muslim halal restaurant food in honour of the Muslim Chinese seafarer in the month of Ramadan.

Muslims would find it easy to eat at halal restaurants in Kunming, if they ever want to “balik Tong Shan or China” as Malay extremists shouted at Chinese Malaysians now and then.

Sunset in Kunming is around 8 p.m., so from 5 p.m. To 8 p.m., it is possible to continue with outdoor study visit tours in pleasant weather.


云南省与马来社会的联系

作者:《每日邮报》邓胜威

昆明市(中国云南省):6月14日下午,北京赛车pk10开奖:继被晚点的飞机占用了整个访滇之旅近6个小时的时间后,来自沙巴州的8位记者终于抵昆。刚落地,记者们便按计划乘着大巴直奔快速发展的古滇王国项目,未因航班晚点受到影响。

昆明被誉为“春城”,是云南省会城市,海拔1900米(或6234英尺),坐落在滇池湖畔(有人也唤滇池为昆明湖)。

古滇王国项目位于滇池侧翼的一块广阔土地上。

海拔与位于沙巴州昆达桑镇的基纳巴卢国家公园办公室差不多。

究竟马来人是否起源于云南这个问题,已经被人们多次提出、讨论、撰写、成书,但一直未有定论。不过,本文仅试图呈现出记者们就古滇王国项目不同阶段进展情况的所见而已。

那么,针对马来西亚和印度尼西亚的马来人确系云南人的后代这一说法,是否有任何历史证据作支撑呢?

云南起源说支持湄公河大迁徙(首次出现在出版物的时间为1889年)的观点,认为原始马来人源自云南省。这一观点得到了R.H.盖尔登,J.H.C科恩,J.R.福斯特,J.R.罗根,斯拉默穆利亚纳、阿斯玛·哈吉·奥马尔的支持。

支持云南起源说的其他证据还包括:在马来群岛发现的石器与在中亚发现的石器相似;马来人的风俗习惯与印度阿萨姆邦的风俗习惯相近;马来语和柬埔寨语同宗同源,而柬埔寨人的祖先则是来自湄公河之源的。

此外还有台湾起源说和巴布亚新几内亚起源说。

研究发现,这些少数民族支系里的马来人,他们的基因构成里有原始马来人、塞芒人和印度人的DNA,而其中,马来人和中国人的DNA占比分别为20%和52%。

“这发现恰好呼应了中国云南一种学说的观点,认为这些马来人起源于南岛,”兹勒法利勒(音译)教授说道,“从南岛到东南亚的第一波移民潮发生于公元前25000年,第二波发生于公元前1500年,”

“在马来半岛、沙巴州和沙捞越州使用的马来语,也归属于南岛语系。”教授还说道。

湄公河近4180千米长,发源于西藏,流经中国云南省,缅甸,泰国,老挝,柬埔寨和越南。人类学家追溯原始马来人的迁徙至大约一万年前,那时的他们乘船(独木舟或小船)从云南出发,沿着湄公河一直到了南中国海,最终在多个地方定居下来。

早期云南人可由“元谋人”化石溯源至史前。这是一件直立行走人的化石,出土于上世纪50年代。公元前221年,秦始皇征服了云南,统一了中国。

云南自此便成了中国的一个省。随着早期云南人种植稻米的文化在整片地区传播开来,他们也成为了以米饭为主食人群的先祖。云南境内,人们在湄公河流域的聚居地被当地人称为西双版纳,是傣族的故乡。这名字从字面上理解,意为“一万两千块稻田”。西双版纳所在地区的海拔比云南山脉绝大多数地区都要低。

在巨港发现的格度干武吉石碑,上面的碑文于公元683年写就,是最古老的马来语文本。而现代云南傣族的传统文字与古马来语同属于跋罗婆文(也叫作跋罗婆伽兰他)语系。云南的傣族世代居住在现代中国云南省的这片土地上。

虽然现在的昆明,只有2400年的历史,但这地区内最早的人类活动可追溯至30500年以前。考古发现,原始人早在新石器时代便已在如今的滇池边定居了。

除了农业生产之外,这些原始人还以捕鱼、打猎和饲养禽畜为生。正因如此,滇池湖区也被认为是孕育人类的重要摇篮之一。

下一站,沙巴州媒体团到了郑和公园。这是一所面向公众开放的公园,旨在纪念郑和将军的传奇探险事迹。上世纪70年代的马来西亚人在学校里也学到过这些事迹。曾有艘同名唤作“郑和”号的中国海军训练舰到访过马来西亚的实邦加港,但从未来过任何军舰。

郑和在昆明长大。在被送入京城侍奉皇帝之前的少年时代,他可能还在滇池里锻炼提高过航海技能。

郑和带领着中国明朝的探险贸易船队一直远航至非洲,他的事迹为当今中国的海上丝绸之路概念提供了灵感。

当晚,沙巴州的记者在一家穆斯林清真餐馆享用了他们在滇的第一餐,以此在斋月期间缅怀郑和这位中国穆斯林航海家。在昆明,穆斯林人士会发现到清真餐馆就餐很方便。

昆明的日落大约在傍晚8点。所以,下午5点到8点这段时间仍然很适宜继续开展户外考察访问活动。

 


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